III. Architectural Styles

Several eclectic styles contribute to the character, context, and sense of place in Titusville. This section serves as a reference for terms referred to in later pages of this design manual. The predominant characteristics of each style are:

Frame Vernacular

Frame Vernacular Building
  • Two-story residential
  • Simple, lacking decoration
  • Full or partial porches
  • Height greater than width
  • Usually rectangular in plan
  • Regular fenestration, but not always symmetrical

Commercial Storefronts

Commercial Storefront
  • First story of multi-story commercial building
  • Recessed entry
  • Large display windows
  • Minimal decoration
  • Knee wall at the base of windows
  • Metal or wood awnings/canopies
  • Some storefronts include colonnades

​Bungalow / Craftsman

Bungalow - Craftsman Building
  • 1 to 2 story residential
  • Gabled roof with overhanging eaves
  • Full or partial porches
  • Exposed roof rafters and beams
  • Square porch columns continue to the ground
  • Asymmetrical windows

Beaux Arts Classical

Beaux Arts Classical Building
  • Commercial uses
  • Elaborate detailing
  • Symmetrical facade
  • Columns at entryway
  • Fat or low pitched roof
  • Masonry construction
  • Classical proportions

Gothic Revival

Gothic Revival Building
  • Residential or civic
  • Vertically oriented architecture
  • Steep roof
  • Gothic detailed windows
  • Exposed rafters and open eaves

Spanish Eclectic

Spanish Eclectic Building
  • Commercial or residential
  • Low pitched or gabled roof
  • Elaborate entryway
  • Prominent arches above doors and/or windows
  • Red tile roof
  • Stucco exterior walls
  • Asymmetrical facade


Neo-Classical Building
  • Commercial and civic
  • Symmetrical proportions
  • Portico supported by columns that are Doric, Ionic or Corinthian
  • Decorative frieze

Queen Anne

Queen Anne Building
  • Two-story residential
  • Asymmetrical with full or partial porch
  • Elaborate decorative elements
  • Steep roof, gables, towers
  • Balcony and veranda
  • Often wood shingle siding

Colonial Revival (With Variant Dutch Colonial)

Colonial Revival (With Variant Dutch Colonial)
  • Two-story residential
  • Pitched or gambrel roof
  • Symmetrical interior plan
  • Entry porch with slender columns
  • Prominent front door
  • Simple with minor decorations

Art Deco

Art Deco Building
  • Commercial and residential buildings
  • Usually stucco
  • Includes geometric decoration such as zigzags and chevrons.
  • Towers and vertical projections above the roofline


Mission Building
  • Commercial and residential
  • Stucco exterior walls
  • Red tile roof
  • Simpler but similar to Spanish Eclectic
  • Shaped dormer or parapet

Masonry Vernacular

Masonry Vernacular Building
  • Commercial buildings
  • Flat parapet roof
  • Decorative brickwork
  • Date and name panels
  • Mixed-use with retail on the ground floor